UMD NFLC Hausa Lessons/106 Rising Ocean Levels
- Lesson Title: Rising Ocean Levels
- This is a report on the impact of global warming on Africa.
- Language: Hausa
- Topic: Economics/Politics
- ILR Level: 1+/2
- ACTFL Proficiency: Advanced-Mid, Advanced-Low, Intermediate-High
- This ACTFL rating is an approximation based on the ILR level
- Modality: Reading
- Learning Objective: Maintenance & Improvement
- Subject Area: Language
- Material Type: LLO
- Publication Year: 2009
- ObjectID: T8RHA16
Matsalar sauyawar yanayi ta kawo babbar barazana ga zaman rayuwar mutanen da ke gabobin teku a Afrika
Climate Change Threatens the Livelihood of Africa's Coastal Communities
Climate change is having an effect on global water resources, and increasing temperatures are changing the oceans and melting ice around the world. Experts warn that all of the adverse effects from climate change could pose a major threat to the livelihood of people living along Africa’s coasts.
The Chairman of the Global Ocean Observing System in Africa, Geoff Brundrit, warns that changes in the world’s oceans could pose a major threat to the survival of fish, which could in turn endanger the livelihoods of fishermen all over the world, especially those living in Africa.
According to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, people who live in the coastal areas of developing countries are the most vulnerable. These people do not have the opportunity to receive a high level of education, and they lack access to quality healthcare facilities and infrastructure.
In addition to altering sea levels, climate change has brought about an increase in global warming.
Larry Hutchings, a scholar at the Department of Coastal and Oceanic Studies at the University of Cape Town in South Africa notes that, although the warming of ocean water has a minimal impact on the survival of fish, and it may only cause them to migrate to colder areas, fishermen in coastal areas of Africa must venture farther to catch fish in order to assure their own survival.
The deputy director general of the South African Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism, Monde Mayekiso, explains that sardines are now migrating to other areas. Although scientists have so far been unable to demonstrate that this is due to the rising temperature of the world's oceans, in his opinion, as the saying goes, “There must be something in the water.”
Although the temperature of the deeper oceanic waters remains cold, it is more difficult to catch fish in those areas, and the kinds of fish that are available are not marketable, unlike sardines.
While South Africa suffers from a decreasing fish supply, the countries of West Africa are dealing with the problem of rising sea levels brought on by climate change. Experts in this matter claim that, in fact, climate change has already considerably altered the coastal areas of Senegal and Cameroon, and that countries such as Nigeria, Gambia, Burkina Faso, and Ghana are also threatened by this problem. Moreover, experts explain that the sea levels are rising at a rate of 2 cm per year, and that this is bound to bring chaos to countries along the African coast.
|rikidar ruwan teku||changing the oceans|
|ba su da damar samun||do not have the opportunity to|
|aikin kiwo lafiya||healthcare facilities|
|ruwa ba ya tsami banza||(lit: water doesn't go bad without a cause) there must be something in the water|
1. Natural Resources in Africa
In general, natural resources are vital for development in Africa. Most of Africa’s population is dependent on rain for agricultural production. The oceans are an important source of food and transportation. Water resources are often limited in landlocked countries. Global warming is gradually affecting the fast growing population of Africa. Urbanization, deforestation, and lack of adequate technology hold back the continent’s economic growth. Increasing food shortages, land degradation, pollution, and loss of wildlife challenge governments to provide sustainable development.