UMD NFLC Hausa Lessons/140 Nigerian Political Convention
- Title: Nigerian Political Convention
- Description: This is from an interview that aired in September 2013 on a Nigerian radio program and features a discussion about a proposed political convention. WinXP users should install Arial Unicode font.
- Speakers: Ado Saleh Kankia and Tijjani Ado Ahmed
- Program: Good Morning
- Publisher: Freedom Radio Nigeria
- Publication Date: 2014-09-07
- Source Text Type: Radio
- URL: Not available
- Language: Hausa
- Level: 2+/3
- Topic: Economics/Politics
- Cultural Notes: Yes
- Modality: Listening
- Core Competency: Comprehension
- Estimated Duration: 45 minutes
- Preparatory Activity: Constructed Response
- Based on your own knowledge, what is the purpose of organizing national conferences in Nigeria?
- Model Response: The purpose of national conferences in Nigeria is to address pressing issues that affect the country. Some of these issues include tribalism, persistent religious conflicts between Christians and Muslims, persistent regional conflicts between the North and the South, the insurgency in the North, corruption, elections, and power sharing.
- Comprehension Check Activity 1: Considering what Ado Saleh Kankia says, what can be inferred about the attitude many people have toward the prospect of a convention?
- Constructed Response / Model Response: The first speaker, Ado Saleh Kankia, implies that many people have lost faith in the convention process. Kankia mentions that the people saw no changes following the 2005 convention and then implies that people think this convention will be no different.
- Comprehension Check Activity 2: Multiple Choice: Kankia implies that people feel indifferent about the 2015 elections because nothing is expected to change.
- [ ] True; [ X ] False
- Feedback: Correct. The statement is false. Kankia does not make any statements that imply the public is indifferent. He hints at the importance and impact of the 2015 election and implies that the election is influencing some aspects of the current political agenda. He states that there are issues that no one is willing to discuss due to the upcoming elections and that the upcoming election is causing problems.
- Comprehension Check Activity 3: Multiple Choice: Which of the following best represents what can be inferred about Kankia's opinion of President Goodluck Johnathan?
- [ ] Johnathan is a responsive leader who is calling a convention to address the people's concerns.
- [ X ] He is a weak politician who has not been able to provide the strong leadership needed.
- [ ] Johnathan is a political opponent whose agenda does not reflect Kankia's political priorities.
- [ ] He has the right ideas as president, but his initiatives are not supported by the parliament.
- Feedback: Correct. Kankia says he agrees with the people and thinks the country lacks good leadership. In other words, he does not think Johnathan is a strong politician or leader. Kankia goes on to imply that without good leadership, the country could be ruined.
- Comprehension Check Activity 4: Select All that Apply: Which of the following are opinions expressed by the speakers regarding the responsibility Nigerian citizens bear for the political situation?
- [ X ] The dishonesty of the citizenry is a major cause of current political problems.
- [ ] The citizens vote responsibly but are betrayed by their leaders.
- [ X ] The people must improve the situation themselves without expecting help.
- [ ] The people are apathetic and uninvolved in the political process.
- Feedback: Correct. Kankia asserts that the country actually has well-structured systems in place, and the problems stem instead from the dishonesty of the citizens. Both he and the host, Tijjani Ado Ahmed, go on to agree that it is the people who must fix the situation themselves because God will not fix things, and as they already discussed it is clear politicians will not either.
- Comprehension Check Activity 5: Multiple Choice: Kankia implies that attempts to amend the constitution to accomplish change shifts power from the people to the parliament.
- [ X ] True; [ ] False
- Feedback: Correct. The statement is true. Kankia implies that solving problems through constitutional changes gives power to parliament rather than the people because constitutional changes must be approved by parliament. Kankia explains that if during the convention legislators are approached with a constitutional change they do not like, not only can they vote down the change, they can also shut down the convention, preventing other substantive changes. Kankia warns that if the parliament does not want to address an issue, it will refuse to allow the convention to take place, implying that if the people want to control the process for change, they must not involve the parliament.
- Comprehension Check Activity 6: Select All that Apply: What can be inferred about Kankia's attitude toward and opinion of the parliament?
- [ X ] The parliament has more power than the president in the current system.
- [ ] The parliament is at an impasse with the president and will not approve legislation.
- [ X ] The parliament is not responsive to the needs and will of the people.
- [ ] The parliamentary system is dysfunctional and not serving the country.
- [ X ] The parliament cannot be trusted.
- Feedback: Correct. Statements made by Kankia imply that he does not trust the parliament and does not believe that the parliament will respond to the will of the Nigerian people. He also implies that the parliament is more powerful than the president because the president must defer to the parliament on certain issues. These opinions reflect his lack of trust in the parliament and his belief that the parliament will not respond to the concerns of the people.
- shugabanci na gari: (lit: leadership of the city) good leadership
- kaza: such and such
- karkace: (lit: bent) dishonest
- tsarin mulki: (lit: governing structure) constitution
- in ta ga dama: if it wants
The Notes provide cultural and linguistic information helpful for comprehending the text.
2011 Election Violence in Nigeria
According to a report issued by the Human Rights Watch shortly after the April 2011 elections in Nigeria, more than eight hundred people were killed and sixty-five thousand were displaced as a result of election-related violence, which was concentrated in several of the country's northern states. Goodluck Johnathan, a southern Christian, defeated Muhammadu Buhari, a northern Muslim, setting off protests and flaring already existing religious and ethnic tensions in the country. Following the elections, president-elect Goodluck Johnathan appointed a committee to investigate the violence. The committee was chaired by Ahmed Lemu, a respected Islamic scholar, and was informally referred to as the Ahmed Lemu committee. "Nigeria: Post-Election Violence Killed 800." May 17, 2011. Human Rights Watch. http://www.hrw.org/news/2011/05/16/nigeria-post-election-violence-killed-800.
Awde, Nicholas. 1996. Hausa–English, English–Hausa Dictionary . New York: Hippocrene Books. This bilingual dictionary includes terminology relevant to users with interests in computing, information technology, business, and telecommunications. It includes over eighteen thousand entries. Newman, Paul. 2007. A Hausa–English Dictionary , Yale Language Series. New Haven: Yale University Press. This Hausa to English dictionary includes appendices on grammar and calendar terminology. Newman, Roxana Ma. 1990. An English–Hausa Dictionary , Yale Language Series. New Haven: Yale University Press. This English to Hausa dictionary includes appendices on grammar, pronunciation, and currency systems. On-Line Bargery. n.d. A Hausa–English dictionary and English–Hausa vocabulary. Accessed October 14, 2014. http://maguzawa.dyndns.ws/. This online resource features approximately forty thousand Hausa to English entries.
For another perspective on the 2014 Nigerian National Conference, read "The 2014 Nigerian National Conference: Facts Nigerians Must Know," by C.D. Orike, published on September 19, 2014, by the Premium Times , and available at the following URL: http://www.premiumtimesng.com/national-conference/2014-nigerian-national-conference-facts-nigerians-must-know-c-d-orike/ For more information about concerns related to the 2015 presidential election in Nigeria, watch "Atiku ya ce dole ne a yi zaben Shugaban kasa" (Atiku says presidential election must be conducted), published on September 19, 2014, by BBC, and available at the following URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=towtmrI8gGs