UMD NFLC Hausa Lessons/20 Meningitis Prevention in Nigeria

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Overview

  1. Lesson Title: Meningitis Prevention in Nigeria - This is a report about meningitis in Nigeria.
  2. Language: Hausa
  3. Topic: Culture/Society
  4. ILR Level: 1+/2
  5. ACTFL Proficiency: Advanced-Mid, Advanced-Low, Intermediate-High; This ACTFL rating is an approximation based on the ILR level
  6. Modality: Listening
  7. Learning Objective: Maintenance & Improvement
  8. Subject Area: Language
  9. Material Type: LLO
  10. Publication Year: 2009
  11. ObjectID: T8LHA17

Transcript


Original Translation

A: Lafiya uwar jiki babu mai fushi da ke. Jama’a masu sauraren wannan fili assalama alaikum. Yau filin zai dubi irin ɓarnar da sanƙarau ke yi a Nijeriya. Kafin {Dr. [English]} Ladan ya shigo ya amsa tambayoyinku. Ƙungiyar Lafiya ta Duniya ta ba da labarin cewa mutane dubu goma sha bakwai da ɗari biyar suka kamu da sanƙarau a Nijeriya. Kuma mutane ɗari tara da sittin cutar ta kashe. Ta kuma ce, an fi ganin wannan matsala a jihohin Taraba da Yobe da Zamfara da Bauchi da kuma Gombe. A kan wannan ɓarnar da sanƙarau ke yi, na tuntuɓi {Minister [English]} a Ma’aikatar Kiwon Lafiya, Alhaji Idi Hong domin .. domin .. jin irin matakan da gwamnati ke ɗauka na shawo kan wannan matsala i zuwa yanzu, ga abin da Ministan ya fara cewa:

B: Daidai gwargwado dai gwamnatin tarayya har da na jihohi tun lokacin da muka sami labarin ɓullar wannan cutan an yi nazari tuƙuru, na farko an nemi allurar riga-kafi an ringa turawa jihohin da wannan abu ya soma ɓullowa. Na biyu gwamnati kuma ta sayi maganin allura wanda duk wanda cutar ya kama ana yin mutane magani a ƙaramin lokaci. Na uku babba kuma shi ne, ana ta ba da mujalla da bita a kan cutar yadda ake kama shi yadda al’umma za su lura da kansu da kuma wanda cutan ya samu ya je asibiti babba don an ba da magunguna kyauta wanda yake da ƙarfi sosai wanda yake da amfani. Da gaske ne wannan alƙaluman da aka faɗan haka ne, an samu cutan ya kai kusan ƙila mutane dubu sha bakwai ɗin nan, kuma dama kin sani cutan dama yana da zafi haka, amma bayanin da muke da shi ta wajen Majalisar Ɗinkin Duniya Sashen Lafiya shi ne, wannan cutar ɓullansa wannan karon an fi samun galaba a kansa fiye da kwanan baya, shekarun baya yadda yake ɓullowa, sabida ta’adin da yake yi bai kai na da ba, sabida shirye-shiryen da aka yi wannan karon ya wuce na baya, {so [English]} a daidai gwargwado dai ana ƙoƙari, amma da ma wannan cuta ne wanda yake zuwa da lokaci war haka, kuma muna cikin zangon da ake cewa zangon ciwon sanƙarau, {so [English]} babu yanda za a yi, sai dai maganar masu riga-kafin nan a ilmantar da al’umma a kuma sami magani wanda zai taimaki al’umma.

The Damage Caused by Meningitis in Nigeria

A: Good health makes a sound body. Welcome to everyone listening to this program. Today, the program will look into the trouble that meningitis has been causing in Nigeria—before Dr. Ladan comes on to answer your questions. The World Health Organization reports that 17,500 people were infected with meningitis in Nigeria, and that the disease has killed 960. It also notes that the problem is most common in Taraba, Yobe, Zamfara, Bauchi, and Gombe states. As to the trouble that meningitis has been causing, I asked the Minister of Health, Alhaji Idi Hong, to . . . to . . . hear about the kind of measures the government has been undertaking to date to control this problem. Here’s the beginning of what the minister had to say:

B: As appropriate, the federal and state governments have been thoroughly engaged ever since we heard about the sudden outbreak of this disease. First, as this thing was beginning to appear, we procured a vaccine and distributed it to the states where the outbreak was first discovered. Second, the government has purchased medicine to administer as soon as possible to anyone who has been infected with the disease. Third and most importantly, we’re providing informational pamphlets and are organizing seminars about the disease: how it is caught, how the public should take care of itself, and also how anyone who is infected with the disease should go to a major hospital to be given free medicines that are effective and beneficial. It’s true, as these statistics have noted, that the disease has stricken around 17,000 people, and as you know, the disease is very aggressive. But the details we have from the UN health division [the World Health Organization] suggest that we’re having greater success against the spread of this disease on this occasion than we have had recently, given the way it has been spreading in recent years. And so the current impact is not as bad as before because we were more prepared this time around than in the past. We were making appropriate efforts before the disease arrived this time. We’re in the midst of what’s referred to as the meningitis season, so the only thing to do is to focus on prevention, enlighten the public, and obtain medicine that will help them.

Glossary

Hausa English Meaning
lafiya uwar jiki, babu mai fushi da ke health is the mother of the body, no one gets offended by you 

This is a proverb used to show appreciation for good health. The first part of the proverb is being used as the title of the radio program.

suka kamu da sanƙarau (lit: they were caught with meningitis) they were infected with meningitis
ɓullar wannan cuta (lit: the appearance of this disease) the outbreak of the disease
alluran rigakafi (lit: the needle of prevention) vaccination 

"Needle" is a reference to the syringe used to inject medicine.

cutan yana da zafi (cutan tana da zafi) (lit: the disease is hot) the disease is aggressive
samun galaba getting the better of, gaining victory, overcoming
ta'adin da yake yi the damage/toll caused by the disease
zangon sanƙarau (lit: the camping ground of meningitis) the place where meningitis is widespread 

This is a reference to the area in Africa known as "Africa's Meningitis Belt."

Notes

1. Meningitis

Meningitis is an inflammation of lining that surrounds the brain and the spinal cord, and while it can be treated, according the World Health Organization, “5% to 10% of patients die, typically within 24-48 hours of onset of symptoms” (“Meningococcal Meningitis,” 2003).

Meningococcal meningitis. (2003, May). World Health Organization. Retrieved June 18, 2009, from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs141/en/

2. Meningitis in Nigeria

A large part of Nigeria fits in the area known as Africa’s “Meningitis Belt” which is most exposed to outbreaks of the virus. Dry weather conditions and the environment play an important role in the spread of the virus in these areas. In addition to the climate, people’s migration from one country to another increases the transmission of the disease. According to a Reuters report, “The largest recorded meningitis outbreak in the African high-risk zone [. . .] occurred in 1996-1997 when an estimated 100,000 people were infected in Nigeria and 50,000 in Niger” (West, Central African Meningitis Toll Over 2,500,” 2009).

West, Central African meningitis toll over 2,500.” (2009, April 18). Reuters. Retrieved June 18, 2009, from http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSTRE53H1VW20090418

3. More Information

a) To read more about the prevention of meningitis in Nigeria, see “MSF Responds to Outbreaks Across Africa’s ‘Meningitis Belt’” at the following link:

http://doctorswithoutborders.org/news/article.cfm?id=1964&cat=field-news&ref=tag-index